- , .

Firmenich . . (+)-(3R,5Z)-, . 16 , .

Habanolide (Firmenich) Globalide (Symrise) - , . , . , . , , Habanolide , (Alberto Morillas) Armani White .

Nirvanolide - Givaudan. , , . - .

, Δ5-: Ambretone (Takasago), Musk TM II (Soda Aromatics), Velvione (Givaudan) Δ8-, Globanone (Symrise). Velvione, , , - Helmut Lang Velviona (2001) .

Cosmone Givaudan - , , (14). .

Cosmone , , -, .

: